Review Paper: Using Quantum Dot Solar Cells to Improve Photovoltaics

Abstract

Outline of Paper

1. How Does Solar Energy Work?

2. The Problem With Solar

2.1 Band Gaps

2.2 Losses in Energy

3. Introduction to Nanotechnology

3.1. Different Dimensions

4. Quantum Dots and MEG

4.1. Quantum Dots

4.2. MEG

4.3. Materials and Toxicity

5. The Quantum Confinement Effect

5.1. “Artifical Atoms”

5.2. MEG via Quantum Confinement

5.3. EMA Model

6. Quantum Yields

7. Passivating Quantum Dots for Boosted Efficiency

7.1. Surface Defects

7.2. Dangling Bond Defects

7.3. Organic Passivation

7.4. Inorganic Passivation

7.5. PLQY

7.6. PL Lifetime

8. Thickness of Shells

8.1. Transmission Electron Microscopies

8.2. X-Ray Powder Diffraction

9. Engineering Band Gaps

9.1. Quantum Heterostructures

9.2. Strain

9.3. Alloying

9.4. Superlattices

10. Synthesis of Quantum Dots

10.1. Colloidal Synthesis

10.2. Plasma Synthesis

10.3. Electrochemical Assembly

11. Surpassing the Shockley–Queisser limit

11.1. Photon Upconversion

11.2. Multi-Junction Cells

11.3. Improving MEG

11.4. Thermal Upconversion

11.5. Light Concentration

12. Conclusion

What’s Next?

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